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German - English (British) translations for "wenn"

"wenn" German translation




The German conjunction 'wenn' is used to express a conditional relationship between two events or actions. It can be translated to 'if' in English.

Part of speech



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Meaning: if

Wenn es regnet, bleibe ich zu Hause.

If it rains, I stay at home.

Meaning: when

Ich gehe immer spazieren, wenn die Sonne scheint.

I always go for a walk when the sun is shining.

Meaning: whenever

Wenn ich Zeit habe, lese ich gerne Bücher.

Whenever I have time, I like to read books.

Meaning: in case

Nimm einen Regenschirm mit, wenn es regnen sollte.

Take an umbrella with you in case it should rain.

Meaning: assuming that

Wenn alles gut geht, werden wir pünktlich ankommen.

Assuming that everything goes well, we will arrive on time.


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A1: Wenn es regnet, nehme ich meinen Regenschirm mit.

A1: When it rains, I take my umbrella with me.

A1: Wenn du Hunger hast, kannst du eine Banane essen.

A1: If you're hungry, you can eat a banana.

A1: Wenn ich Zeit habe, gehe ich spazieren.

A1: When I have time, I go for a walk.

B1: Wenn ich genug Geld hätte, würde ich in den Urlaub fahren.

B1: If I had enough money, I would go on vacation.

B1: Wenn er fleißig gelernt hat, wird er die Prüfung bestehen.

B1: If he has studied hard, he will pass the exam.

B1: Wenn wir uns beeilen, können wir den Zug noch erreichen.

B1: If we hurry, we can still catch the train.

C1: Wenn ich gewusst hätte, dass du kommst, hätte ich mehr Essen vorbereitet.

C1: If I had known you were coming, I would have prepared more food.

C1: Wenn sie früher aufgestanden wäre, hätte sie den Bus nicht verpasst.

C1: If she had gotten up earlier, she wouldn't have missed the bus.

C1: Wenn ich dich wäre, würde ich den Job kündigen und etwas Neues ausprobieren.

C1: If I were you, I would quit the job and try something new.

Advanced Description

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In German, 'wenn' is one of the most commonly used conjunctions and plays an important role in expressing hypothetical situations. It is often used to introduce a condition that must be met for something else to happen. For example, 'Wenn es regnet, bleibe ich zu Hause' means 'If it rains, I stay at home'.

One important thing to note about 'wenn' is that it always introduces a dependent clause, which means that it cannot stand alone as a sentence. The main clause must follow to complete the thought. For instance, in the previous example, the main clause would be 'Ich bleibe zu Hause'.

Another use of 'wenn' is to express habitual actions or general truths. In this case, it can be translated to 'when' in English. For example, 'Wenn ich Zeit habe, lese ich gerne ein Buch' means 'When I have time, I like to read a book'. Here, there is no specific condition that needs to be met; rather, the statement expresses a general truth.

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