Allora is an Italian conjunction that can be translated to 'so', 'then', or 'therefore'. It is used to indicate a consequence or conclusion based on what has been previously said.
Meaning: so, therefore
Ho studiato molto, allora sono pronto per l'esame.
I studied a lot, so I am ready for the exam.
Ho finito il lavoro, allora posso andare a casa.
I finished work, then I can go home.
Meaning: well, now
Allora, cosa hai deciso di fare?
Well, what have you decided to do?
Meaning: in that case
Se non vuoi venire alla festa, allora non ti inviterò più.
If you don't want to come to the party, in that case I won't invite you anymore.
Meaning: and so
Abbiamo lavorato duramente, allora abbiamo ottenuto buoni risultati.
We worked hard, and so we achieved good results.
A1: Allora, cosa vuoi mangiare stasera?
A1: So, what do you want to eat tonight?
A1: Non so cosa fare allora.
A1: I don't know what to do then.
A1: Allora, ci vediamo domani!
A1: Well then, see you tomorrow!
B1: Se studi abbastanza, allora passerai l'esame.
B1: If you study enough, then you will pass the exam.
B1: Ho finito il lavoro, allora posso rilassarmi un po'.
B1: I finished my work, so I can relax a bit.
B2: Sono andato al supermercato e allora ho comprato tutto quello di cui avevo bisogno.
B2: I went to the supermarket and then I bought everything I needed.
B2: Ho chiamato Marco per sapere se voleva venire alla festa, ma allora non ha risposto.
B2: I called Marco to ask if he wanted to come to the party, but then he didn't answer.
C1: Spero che tu abbia capito la mia spiegazione. Allora, hai delle domande?
C1: I hope you understood my explanation. So, do you have any questions?
C1: Allora che ne dici di andare a fare una passeggiata?
C1: So, what do you say about going for a walk?
C2: Ho lavorato duramente per anni e allora sono finalmente riuscito a realizzare il mio sogno.
C2: I worked hard for years and then I finally managed to achieve my dream.
Allora is a versatile word that can be used in many different contexts. It is often used to connect two ideas, indicating that the second idea follows logically from the first. For example, if someone says 'I'm going to the store', you might respond with 'Allora, do you need me to come with you?' This use of allora indicates that you are acknowledging the first person's statement and responding accordingly.
Another common use of allora is to indicate a change in topic or direction. If someone is telling a story and then suddenly switches to a new topic, they might start the next sentence with allora. This signals to the listener that they should be prepared for a new idea or perspective.
Finally, allora can also be used as a filler word, similar to how we might use 'um' or 'uh' in English. In this context, it doesn't have any particular meaning - it's just a way of pausing while you gather your thoughts or figure out what to say next.