Ancora is an Italian noun that translates to 'anchor' in English. It refers to a heavy object, usually made of metal, that is used to keep a boat or ship from drifting away by attaching it to the bottom of a body of water.
La nave ha gettato l'ancora nel porto.
The ship dropped anchor in the harbor.
L'acqua del lago è ancora.
The water of the lake is still.
Non ho ancora finito il mio lavoro.
I haven't finished my work yet.
Voglio ancora un pezzo di torta.
I want another piece of cake.
A1: Ho ancora fame.
A1: I'm still hungry.
A1: Non ho ancora finito il compito.
A1: I haven't finished the homework yet.
A1: Ancora un po' di pazienza, per favore.
A1: Just a little more patience, please.
B1: Non so ancora cosa fare domani.
B1: I still don't know what to do tomorrow.
B1: Sono andato al cinema ancora una volta.
B1: I went to the movies once again.
B2: Lui ha ancora bisogno di imparare molto.
B2: He still needs to learn a lot.
C1: Ho già letto quel libro tre volte, ma lo leggerei ancora.
C1: I've already read that book three times, but I would read it again.
C1: Non credo che possa sopportare ancora questa situazione.
C1: I don't think I can bear this situation any longer.
C2: Mi piaceva tanto quella città che ci sono tornato ancora e ancora.
C2: I liked that city so much that I went back there again and again.
The use of anchors dates back thousands of years and has been an essential tool for seafarers throughout history. The earliest anchors were made of stone or wood and were simply large rocks tied to ropes. However, as ships became larger and more complex, so did the design of anchors. Today, modern anchors are typically made of steel and have a variety of shapes and sizes depending on the type of vessel they are meant for.
Anchors work by using their weight to dig into the seabed and create friction with the surrounding soil. This creates resistance against the force of wind and waves, which can cause a boat or ship to drift away from its desired location. The anchor chain or rope is attached to the anchor's shank, which is the curved part that digs into the seabed. When the anchor is dropped into the water, it falls until it reaches the seabed and then begins to drag along the bottom until it catches hold.
There are different types of anchors used for different purposes. For example, a plow anchor is designed for use in soft mud or sand, while a grapnel anchor is used for rocky bottoms. The size and weight of an anchor also vary depending on the size and type of vessel it is intended for. A small recreational boat may only require a lightweight anchor, while a large cargo ship may need an anchor that weighs several tons.