Avere is an Italian verb that means 'to have' in English. It is a transitive verb, which means it requires a direct object to complete its meaning.
Meaning: to have (possession)
Io ho una macchina.
I have a car.
Meaning: to have (auxiliary verb)
Ho mangiato la pizza ieri sera.
I have eaten pizza last night.
Meaning: to get (an illness)
Ho preso il raffreddore.
I have caught a cold.
Meaning: to experience (a feeling)
Ho paura del buio.
I am afraid of the dark.
Meaning: to hold (a position or rank)
Lui ha vinto il premio per il miglior attore.
He has won the award for best actor.
A1: Io ho un gatto.
I have a cat.
A1: Tu hai una macchina nuova.
You have a new car.
A2: Loro hanno fame.
They are hungry.
B1: Lei ha avuto successo nella sua carriera.
She has had success in her career.
B2: Noi abbiamo mangiato la pizza ieri sera.
We ate pizza last night.
B2: Voi avrete bisogno di più tempo per finire il progetto.
You will need more time to finish the project.
C1: Avendo studiato molto, lui ha superato l'esame senza problemi.
Having studied a lot, he passed the exam without any problems.
C2: Dopo aver viaggiato in molti paesi, ho capito che l'esperienza è più importante dei beni materiali.
After having traveled to many countries, I realized that experience is more important than material possessions.
C2: Se avessi saputo prima della festa, sarei venuto anch'io.
If I had known about the party earlier, I would have come too.
The verb avere is one of the most commonly used verbs in the Italian language. It is an irregular verb, which means that it does not follow the regular conjugation patterns of other Italian verbs. However, despite its irregularity, it is still considered a very important verb to learn and master for anyone who wants to speak Italian fluently.
In addition to its basic meaning of 'to have,' avere can also be used in a number of idiomatic expressions and phrasal verbs. For example, avere fame (literally 'to have hunger') means 'to be hungry,' while avere fretta (literally 'to have haste') means 'to be in a hurry.' These expressions are commonly used in everyday conversation in Italy.
One thing to keep in mind when using the verb avere is that it must agree with the subject of the sentence in both tense and number. This means that if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular as well, and if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural too. For example, Io ho (I have) is correct, while Io hai (I have) is incorrect.