The Italian verb 'dire' means 'to say' or 'to tell'. It is a common and versatile verb used in everyday conversations.
Meaning: to say
Ho detto che non voglio uscire stasera.
I said that I don't want to go out tonight.
Meaning: to tell
Mi ha detto di chiamarlo domani.
He told me to call him tomorrow.
Meaning: to state
Il documento dice che il progetto è stato completato.
The document states that the project has been completed.
Meaning: to express
Ha detto la sua opinione sulle elezioni.
He expressed his opinion on the elections.
Meaning: to indicate
La mappa mi ha detto dove si trovava la stazione.
The map indicated where the station was located.
A1: Non so cosa dire.
I don't know what to say.
A1: Lui mi ha detto che verrà domani.
He told me he will come tomorrow.
A2: Ho detto la verità.
I told the truth.
B1: Mi hai detto che avresti chiamato stamattina.
You told me you would have called this morning.
B1: Se lo dici tu, ci credo.
If you say so, I believe it.
B2: Mi dispiace di avertelo detto in quel modo.
I'm sorry for having told you that in that way.
C1: Dopo averlo detto, si pentì subito delle sue parole.
After having said it, he immediately regretted his words.
C1: Mi piacerebbe dirti che è tutto risolto, ma non è così semplice.
I would like to tell you that everything is solved, but it's not that simple.
C2: Avrei dovuto dirtelo prima, ma non sapevo come reagiresti.
I should have told you earlier, but I didn't know how you would react.
The verb 'dire' is an irregular verb, which means that it does not follow the regular conjugation patterns of other verbs. Its conjugation varies depending on the tense, mood, and person. For example, in the present indicative tense, the first person singular form is 'dico', while the third person singular form is 'dice'. It is important to learn the different forms of 'dire' in order to use it correctly in conversation.
In addition to its basic meaning of 'to say' or 'to tell', 'dire' can also be used in various idiomatic expressions. For instance, 'dire la verità' means 'to tell the truth', while 'dire una bugia' means 'to tell a lie'. These expressions are commonly used in Italian and can add nuance and depth to your language skills.
Finally, it is worth noting that 'dire' is often used in combination with other verbs to create compound tenses. For example, the passato prossimo (present perfect) tense of 'dire' is formed by combining the auxiliary verb 'avere' (to have) with the past participle of 'dire', which is 'detto'. This creates the phrase 'ho detto', which translates to 'I have said'. By mastering the conjugation and usage of 'dire', you will be able to communicate more effectively in Italian.