Essere is an Italian verb that translates to 'to be' in English. It is a highly irregular verb and is used to indicate the existence or presence of something or someone, as well as to describe characteristics or qualities.
Meaning: to be (used as a copula verb)
Io sono una studentessa.
I am a student.
Meaning: to exist
Ci sono molte persone alla festa.
There are many people at the party.
Meaning: to belong to
Questa penna è di mio padre.
This pen belongs to my father.
Meaning: to happen, to take place
La riunione sarà domani alle 10.
The meeting will take place tomorrow at 10.
Meaning: to be worth
Questo libro non vale la pena di leggerlo.
This book is not worth reading.
A1: Io sono italiano.
I am Italian.
A2: Siamo in ritardo per la lezione.
We are late for the lesson.
A2: Lei è molto simpatica.
She is very nice.
B1: Lui era stanco ieri sera.
He was tired last night.
B2: Saremo a casa tra un'ora.
We will be home in an hour.
B2: Se fossi stato più attento, non avresti fatto quell'errore.
If you had been more careful, you wouldn't have made that mistake.
C1: Essendo arrivati presto, abbiamo deciso di fare una passeggiata.
Having arrived early, we decided to take a walk.
C2: Saranno stati già partiti quando arriveremo all'aeroporto.
They will have already left by the time we arrive at the airport.
C2: Dopo essere stato promosso, ha deciso di prendersi una vacanza.
After being promoted, he decided to take a vacation.
The verb essere is one of the most important verbs in the Italian language and is used extensively in everyday conversation. It is an irregular verb, meaning that it does not follow the standard conjugation patterns of regular verbs. In order to use it correctly, it is essential to memorize its various forms and understand how they are used in different contexts.
One of the main uses of essere is to indicate the existence or presence of something or someone. For example, 'sono qui' means 'I am here', while 'è un gatto' means 'it is a cat'. Essere can also be used to describe characteristics or qualities, such as 'sono alto' (I am tall) or 'sei intelligente' (you are intelligent).
In addition to its basic uses, essere has several idiomatic expressions that are commonly used in Italian. For example, 'essere in grado di' means 'to be able to', while 'essere d'accordo' means 'to agree'. Learning these expressions can help you sound more natural when speaking Italian.