The Italian verb fare means 'to do' or 'to make'.
Meaning: to do
Devo fare la spesa oggi.
I have to do the grocery shopping today.
Meaning: to make
Mia madre fa il pane ogni giorno.
My mother makes bread every day.
Meaning: to say
Cosa hai fatto? Non mi hai fatto niente!
What did you say? You didn't do anything to me!
Meaning: to be worth
Questa macchina fa 20.000 euro.
This car is worth 20,000 euros.
Meaning: to cook
Oggi faccio la pasta al sugo per pranzo.
Today I'm cooking pasta with tomato sauce for lunch.
A1: Oggi faccio la spesa.
Today I am doing the grocery shopping.
A1: Faccio sempre colazione alle sette.
I always have breakfast at seven o'clock.
A2: Non so cosa fare stasera.
I don't know what to do tonight.
B1: L'anno scorso ho fatto un viaggio in Giappone.
Last year I took a trip to Japan.
B2: Domani farò una presentazione al lavoro.
Tomorrow I will give a presentation at work.
B2: Ho fatto molte cose oggi, ma non ho ancora finito tutto.
I did many things today, but I haven't finished everything yet.
C1: Se avessi saputo che faceva freddo, avrei preso un cappotto più pesante.
If I had known it was cold, I would have taken a heavier coat.
C2: Dopo aver fatto il giro del mondo in barca a vela, mi sentivo molto soddisfatto.
After sailing around the world, I felt very satisfied.
C2: Quando facevo volontariato in Africa, ho imparato molto sulla cultura locale.
When I was volunteering in Africa, I learned a lot about the local culture.
Fare is one of the most commonly used verbs in the Italian language. It is an irregular verb, which means that its conjugation does not follow a regular pattern. However, it is also a very versatile verb and can be used in a variety of contexts.
In its basic form, fare means 'to do' or 'to make'. For example, you might use it to say 'Faccio la spesa' (I'm doing the grocery shopping) or 'Facciamo una torta' (Let's make a cake). However, fare can also be used in many idiomatic expressions that have specific meanings. For instance, 'fare una passeggiata' means 'to take a walk', while 'fare una telefonata' means 'to make a phone call'.
It's important to note that fare is often used in combination with other verbs to create compound tenses. For example, the passato prossimo (past tense) of fare is 'ho fatto', which means 'I did/made'. This tense is formed by combining the auxiliary verb avere (to have) with the past participle of fare. So if you wanted to say 'I made pasta last night', you would say 'Ho fatto la pasta ieri sera'.