Lingua is an Italian noun that translates to 'language' in English. It refers to a system of communication used by a particular country or community.
L'italiano è la mia lingua madre.
Italian is my mother tongue.
Mi sono bruciato la lingua con il caffè caldo.
I burned my tongue with hot coffee.
Il politico ha tenuto un discorso in lingua straniera.
The politician gave a speech in a foreign language.
Meaning: faculty of speech
Dopo l'incidente, ha perso la lingua e non può più parlare.
After the accident, he lost his faculty of speech and can no longer talk.
Meaning: way of speaking
Ha una lingua molto colorita quando si arrabbia.
He has a very colorful way of speaking when he gets angry.
A1: La lingua italiana è molto bella.
Italian language is very beautiful.
A1: Non capisco la lingua straniera.
I don't understand the foreign language.
A2: Studio la lingua inglese da due anni.
I've been studying English for two years.
B1: La lingua spagnola ha molte somiglianze con l'italiano.
Spanish language has many similarities with Italian.
B2: Ho imparato a parlare la lingua francese quando vivevo a Parigi.
I learned to speak French when I lived in Paris.
B2: Se avessi più tempo, vorrei approfondire la mia conoscenza della lingua tedesca.
If I had more time, I would like to deepen my knowledge of German language.
C1: La lingua latina è alla base di molte parole italiane.
Latin language is at the basis of many Italian words.
C2: Il mio lavoro consiste nell'insegnare la lingua italiana ai migranti.
My job involves teaching Italian language to migrants.
C2: Perfezionare la propria padronanza della lingua richiede costanza e impegno.
Improving one's mastery of the language requires perseverance and commitment.
The Italian noun lingua is commonly used to refer to the language spoken in Italy, which is also known as Italiano. This language is widely spoken not only in Italy but also in other countries such as Switzerland, San Marino, and Vatican City. Italian is considered a Romance language and has its roots in Latin.
Apart from referring to the Italian language, lingua can also be used to describe any language spoken by a particular community or country. For example, one might say 'la lingua francese' to refer to the French language or 'la lingua inglese' to refer to the English language. In this context, lingua is often used interchangeably with the word 'linguaggio', which also means 'language'.
In addition to its use as a noun, lingua can also be used as an adjective to describe something related to language. For example, one might say 'un corso di lingua italiana' to refer to an Italian language course or 'una scuola di lingue' to refer to a school that teaches languages. Overall, lingua is a versatile word that plays an important role in describing the various languages spoken around the world.