Loro is an Italian pronoun that means 'they' or 'them'. It is the third person plural form and is used to refer to a group of people or things.
Meaning: Third person plural pronoun meaning 'they'
Loro sono andati al cinema.
They went to the cinema.
Meaning: Formal way of addressing someone in the third person singular
Loro hanno bisogno di aiuto?
Do you need help? (formal)
Meaning: Adjective meaning 'their' or 'theirs'
Ho visto la loro casa ieri sera.
I saw their house last night.
A1: Loro sono amici.
They are friends.
A2: Loro mangiano la pizza.
They eat pizza.
A2: Loro guardano un film.
They watch a movie.
B1: Loro hanno studiato per l'esame.
They studied for the exam.
B2: Loro stanno mangiando la cena.
They are eating dinner.
B2: Loro avevano già visto quel film.
They had already seen that movie.
C1: Loro avrebbero potuto fare di meglio.
They could have done better.
C2: Loro saranno stati sorpresi dalla notizia.
They must have been surprised by the news.
C2: Loro avranno finito il lavoro entro domani.
They will have finished the work by tomorrow.
In Italian, the use of pronouns is very important in order to avoid ambiguity. Loro is one of the most common pronouns used to refer to a group of people or things. For example, 'Loro sono i miei amici' means 'They are my friends'.
Loro can also be used as a subject or object pronoun. As a subject pronoun, it is often omitted because the verb conjugation already indicates the subject. However, when emphasis is needed, loro can be added for clarity. As an object pronoun, it comes after the verb and can be combined with other pronouns such as mi (me) or ti (you). For example, 'Mi hanno detto loro' means 'They told me'.
It's worth noting that in informal speech, Italians often use loro interchangeably with the singular third person pronoun lui/lei (he/she) when referring to a group of people. This usage is considered incorrect in formal writing but is widely accepted in everyday conversation.