The Italian noun numerale refers to a part of speech that is used to indicate the quantity or number of nouns in a sentence.
Meaning: Cardinal number
Ho comprato due libri.
I bought two books.
Meaning: Ordinal number
È arrivato primo alla gara.
He came first in the race.
Meaning: Multiplicative number
Il prezzo è aumentato di tre volte.
The price has increased threefold.
Meaning: Fractional number
Ho mangiato un quarto della torta.
I ate a quarter of the cake.
Meaning: Collective number
Ci sono cinque persone nella stanza.
There are five people in the room.
A1: Ho due fratelli.
A1: I have two brothers.
A1: Mia sorella ha tre figli.
A1: My sister has three children.
A1: Abbiamo quattro cani in casa.
A1: We have four dogs at home.
B1: Ho comprato cinque libri ieri.
B1: I bought five books yesterday.
B1: Il negozio ha venduto dieci computer questa settimana.
B1: The shop sold ten computers this week.
B1: Sono andato a vedere il film per la terza volta.
B1: I went to see the movie for the third time.
C1: L'azienda ha incrementato le sue vendite del 20% quest'anno.
C1: The company increased its sales by 20% this year.
C1: Ha raggiunto un punteggio di cento nella gara di nuoto.
C1: He achieved a score of one hundred in the swimming competition.
C1: Hanno costruito un ponte sospeso lungo 2 chilometri nel paese vicino.
C1: They built a suspension bridge that is 2 kilometers long in the neighboring country.
In Italian grammar, the numerale is an important part of speech that helps to clarify the number of nouns in a sentence. It can be used as either a cardinal or ordinal numeral, depending on whether it indicates a specific quantity or order. For example, 'due' is a cardinal numerale meaning 'two', while 'secondo' is an ordinal numerale meaning 'second'.
Numerals are typically placed before the noun they modify and agree in gender and number with the noun. This means that if the noun is feminine and plural, the numerale must also be feminine and plural. For example, 'tre ragazze' (three girls) uses the feminine plural form of the numeral 'tre'.
It's important to note that unlike in English, Italian numerals are not hyphenated when written out. For example, instead of writing 'twenty-one' as in English, Italian would write 'ventuno' (literally 'twenty one'). Additionally, there are some irregular forms of numerals in Italian that do not follow standard patterns, so it's important to learn these exceptions in order to use them correctly.