The Italian verb potere means 'to be able to' or 'can'. It is used to express the ability or possibility of doing something.
Meaning: to be able to
Posso parlare italiano.
I can speak Italian.
Meaning: to may
Puoi uscire stasera.
You may go out tonight.
Meaning: to can
Possiamo aiutarti con il trasloco.
We can help you with the move.
Meaning: to could
Potrei venire a trovarti domani.
I could come visit you tomorrow.
Meaning: to might
Potrebbe piovere oggi.
It might rain today.
A1: Io posso parlare italiano.
A1: I can speak Italian.
A1: Tu puoi andare al cinema con me.
A1: You can go to the cinema with me.
A1: Lui può mangiare la pizza.
A1: He can eat pizza.
B1: Noi abbiamo potuto partecipare alla riunione.
B1: We were able to attend the meeting.
B1: Voi potrete venire a trovarmi domani.
B1: You will be able to come visit me tomorrow.
B2: Lei ha potuto risolvere il problema da sola.
B2: She was able to solve the problem on her own.
B2: Loro avrebbero potuto vincere la partita se avessero giocato meglio.
B2: They could have won the game if they had played better.
C1: Ho potuto capire il significato del testo grazie al contesto.
C1: I was able to understand the meaning of the text thanks to the context.
C1: Spero che tu possa trovare una soluzione al problema.
C1: I hope you can find a solution to the problem.
C2: Se avessi potuto, sarei venuto alla festa con te.
C2: If I could have, I would have come to the party with you.
Potere is a very common and important verb in Italian, as it allows speakers to express their capabilities and limitations. It is an irregular verb, which means that its conjugation does not follow a regular pattern. However, once you learn its conjugation, you will be able to use it in many different situations.
Potere can be used in various tenses and moods, depending on the context. For example, in the present tense indicative mood, it can be translated as 'I can', 'you can', 'he/she/it can', 'we can', 'you all can', or 'they can'. In the conditional mood, it can be translated as 'could' or 'would be able to'. In the imperative mood, it can be used to give orders or suggestions, such as 'Puoi aiutarmi?' (Can you help me?) or 'Non puoi fare così!' (You cannot do that!)
It is worth noting that potere is often used with other verbs to form compound tenses, such as the passato prossimo (present perfect) and the futuro anteriore (future perfect). For example, 'Ho potuto parlare con lui ieri.' (I was able to talk to him yesterday.) or 'Avrò potuto finire il lavoro entro domani.' (I will have been able to finish the work by tomorrow.) Overall, mastering the usage of potere is essential for anyone who wants to communicate effectively in Italian.