Quando is an Italian conjunction that translates to 'when' in English. It is used to indicate a point in time or a condition that must be met for something else to happen.
Meaning: when (in the sense of time)
Quando arrivi a casa?
When do you arrive home?
Meaning: when (in the sense of condition)
Quando piove, prendo l'ombrello.
When it rains, I take an umbrella.
Vado al cinema quando ho tempo libero.
I go to the cinema whenever I have free time.
Meaning: as soon as
Chiamami quando arrivi all'aeroporto.
Call me as soon as you arrive at the airport.
Non ci vediamo da quando ero bambino.
We haven't seen each other since I was a child.
A1: Quando arrivo a casa, mangio la cena.
When I arrive home, I eat dinner.
A2: Non so quando inizia il film.
I don't know when the movie starts.
A2: Quando sei nato?
When were you born?
B1: Quando avevo vent'anni, ho deciso di studiare all'estero.
When I was twenty years old, I decided to study abroad.
B2: Quando sarai pronto, ti aspetterò fuori.
When you're ready, I'll wait for you outside.
B2: Quando avrò finito questo libro, te lo presto volentieri.
When I finish this book, I'll gladly lend it to you.
C1: Non appena saranno arrivati i documenti, inizieremo a lavorare sul progetto.
As soon as the documents arrive, we will start working on the project.
C2: Quando avessi saputo che sarebbe stato così difficile, non avrei mai accettato il lavoro.
If I had known it would be so difficult, I would have never accepted the job.
C2: Quando si parla di arte contemporanea, bisogna considerare anche le nuove tecnologie.
When talking about contemporary art, one must also consider new technologies.
Quando is a very common word in Italian and is used in many different contexts. It can be used to talk about past, present, or future events, as well as hypothetical situations. For example, 'Quando ero giovane...' (When I was young...) or 'Quando finirà la pandemia...' (When will the pandemic end...).
In addition to indicating time, quando can also be used to express a condition that must be met for something else to happen. For example, 'Ti darò il libro quando mi restituisci quello che ti ho prestato' (I'll give you the book when you return the one I lent you). In this case, the condition is returning the borrowed book.
It's important to note that quando is often used with the subjunctive mood in Italian, especially when expressing hypothetical or uncertain situations. For example, 'Quando sarei ricco...' (If/when I were rich...). This adds a level of uncertainty or doubt to the statement.