Sapere is an Italian verb that means 'to know' or 'to be aware of'. It is often used to express knowledge or information about a particular subject or topic.
Meaning: to know a fact or information
So che sei bravo in matematica.
I know that you are good at math.
Meaning: to have knowledge or skill in a particular area
Sai suonare la chitarra?
Do you know how to play the guitar?
Meaning: to be aware of something or someone's existence
Sai della festa stasera?
Are you aware of the party tonight?
Meaning: to find out, learn, or discover something
Voglio sapere chi ha vinto la partita.
I want to know who won the game.
Meaning: to taste, try, or sample food or drink
Vuoi sapere il vino rosso?
Do you want to try the red wine?
A1: So che parli italiano.
I know that you speak Italian.
A1: Sai dove si trova la stazione?
Do you know where the station is located?
A2: Non so cosa fare oggi.
I don't know what to do today.
B1: Ho saputo della tua promozione. Congratulazioni!
I heard about your promotion. Congratulations!
B1: Sapevamo già che sarebbe stato difficile, ma abbiamo comunque provato.
We already knew it would be difficult, but we still tried.
B2: Se avessi saputo che non c'era posto in macchina, sarei venuto in treno.
If I had known there was no room in the car, I would have come by train.
B2: Sappiamo che hai lavorato sodo per questo progetto.
We know that you worked hard on this project.
C1: Ho saputo da fonti sicure che il presidente si dimetterà a breve.
I have learned from reliable sources that the president will resign soon.
C1: Sapevo di averlo visto prima da qualche parte, poi ho capito che era un attore famoso.
I knew I had seen him somewhere before, then I realized he was a famous actor.
C2: Avrei saputo rispondere alla domanda se solo mi avessero dato più tempo per pensare.
I would have known how to answer the question if they had just given me more time to think.
In Italian, sapere is one of two verbs that can be used to express knowledge, the other being conoscere. However, while conoscere is used to indicate familiarity with people, places, or things, sapere is used to express knowledge about facts, information, or skills. For example, you would use sapere to say 'I know how to speak Italian', but you would use conoscere to say 'I know Maria'.
Sapere is a transitive verb, which means it requires a direct object. In other words, you need to specify what it is that you know. For example, 'Io so la risposta' (I know the answer) or 'Loro sanno parlare francese' (They know how to speak French).
Sapere is also commonly used in idiomatic expressions and phrases in Italian. For instance, 'non lo so' (I don't know) or 'chi sa?' (who knows?). Additionally, sapere can be conjugated in various tenses and moods depending on the context and intended meaning.