Stare is an Italian verb that means 'to stay' or 'to be'. It is used to indicate a state of being in a specific place or situation.
Meaning: to be (in a specific place)
Sto a casa.
I am at home.
Meaning: to stay
Sto qui fino a domani.
I am staying here until tomorrow.
Meaning: to feel (physically or emotionally)
Sto male oggi.
I feel sick today.
Meaning: to be (in a certain state or condition)
Sto bene, grazie.
I am well, thank you.
Meaning: to stand
Sto in piedi perché non c'è una sedia libera.
I am standing because there is no free chair.
A1: Io sto bene oggi.
I am feeling good today.
A1: Tu stai a casa.
You stay at home.
A2: Loro stanno in ritardo.
They are running late.
B1: Stavo per uscire quando hai chiamato.
I was about to leave when you called.
B1: State attenti alle strade bagnate.
Be careful on wet roads.
B2: Ho sempre saputo che stavamo sbagliando.
I always knew we were making a mistake.
C1: Sarei stato felice di aiutarti se mi avessi chiesto prima.
I would have been happy to help you if you had asked me earlier.
C1: Nonostante la pioggia, gli spettatori stavano ancora guardando la partita.
Despite the rain, the spectators were still watching the game.
C2: Avrei preferito che tu non fossi mai stato qui.
I would have preferred if you had never been here.
Stare is a very common verb in the Italian language and it is used in many different contexts. One of its most common uses is to indicate location, as in 'sto a casa' (I am at home) or 'stiamo al mare' (we are at the beach). In these cases, stare is often followed by a preposition such as 'a' or 'in', depending on the context.
Another important use of stare is to express emotions or physical conditions. For example, 'sto bene' means 'I am well', while 'sto male' means 'I am not feeling well'. Similarly, 'stai calmo' means 'stay calm', while 'stai attento' means 'be careful'.
Finally, stare can also be used to form compound tenses with other verbs, such as the present continuous ('sto mangiando', I am eating) or the past continuous ('stavo dormendo', I was sleeping). In these cases, stare acts as an auxiliary verb and is conjugated according to the tense and person.